Last Updated on January 19, 2023 by Kunthida
Here’s an interesting video about rare dog breeds: in fact, you will learn what are the 10 rarest breeds of dog in the world! If you prefer a quick reading keep scrolling below…
Rare Dog Breeds: The Top Ten
Hi everyone, for thousands of years dogs have been faithful companions to man and nowadays most of us simply can’t imagine our life without them.
Along with cats, dogs are the most common companion animals. Dog breeds are very different from one another as well and there are a lot of them, several hundred actually!
Everyday breeders worldwide work to create new and unusual breeds of dogs…
Did you know that some breeds are more common than others and that there are certain breeds that are even considered rare? So make yourself comfortable, because we’re about to show you the ten rarest dog breeds on the planet.
Let’s get it on…
Rare Dog Breeds: Merle Pitbull
If suddenly someone stops you on the street and asks you which dog is considered the most dangerous you’ll most likely answer without hesitation the pit bull terrier.
Really this dog doesn’t have a good reputation because of its complex nature.
Once upon a time, it was bred for dog fighting which means it’s more prone to aggression than other breeds of dogs.
However, end conditions of a strict discipline with regular training pitbull puppies grow up to be loyal reliable and friendly companions for quite a long time.
In different countries of the world breeding these dogs was prohibited so they are quite rare.
However, some Pit Bull Terriers are considered rarer than others because of the difference in their color.
Merle has a special very rare coat pattern in which the hair is colored unevenly simply put. It looks like the dog was sprayed with dark paint to give him spots.
Despite the fact that merle Pitbulls look incredibly impressive, the breeders are not in a hurry to spread them. Moreover in certain professional circles dogs with this personal are even considered prohibited.
The fact is that the process of pigment formation in the dog begins at the embryo stage, at the same time when the nervous system is forming.
Merle is in fact a genetic defect in the coat pattern that is at a certain stage of the embryo’s development. There was a failure…
It affects the animal as a whole, so these dogs almost always have nervous problems
Rare Dog Breeds: Catalburun
The unusual appearance of the dark which will now be discussed is obvious as soon as you see it.
At first, it seems there’s just something wrong with the dog, then upon closer inspection, you realize that dog has two noses instead of one.
Don’t worry though, Catalburun dogs are not victims of animal cruelty, they were just born this way.
All the dogs of this breed have a split nose, moreover, in some dogs, this feature is more pronounced while in others is not as noticeable.
Another name for the breed is the “Turkish pointer” which means this is a hunting dog.
It has strong hunting instincts, a keen sense of smell, and boasts high trainability.
Despite the fact that Turkish pointers have a very distinct semblance with other pointers, the breed has not been recognized by the world canine organization.
That’s why there are very few breeders, so the breed is considered rare.
Rare Dog Breeds: Mexican Hairless Dog (aka Xolo or Cholo Dog)
The real name of the dog you see on the screen is “Xoloitzcuintli”, but if you’re ok with it we’ll use another more simple name: the Mexican hairless dog or simply the cholo.
Apparently, this is one of the most ancient dog breeds in the world.
According to some sources, the Cholo dog breed is also the rarest on earth.
Mexican hairless dogs were bred in the 5th or 3rd millennium BC and it boasts an incredible history.
The natives believe that cholo was the earthly representative of the Aztec god of storms and death Tialoc, hence the name.
It was thought the dogs were supposed to accompany the souls of the dead to the afterlife.
Despite its ancient history, the Cholo dog breed, for reasons still unknown, is not widespread in the world.
Learn More about the Xolo Dog, the Dog of the Aztecs
Rare Dog Breeds: Bergamasco Shepherd
When you look at a Bergamasco Sheperd dog you might think that there’s no dog in front of you, only a huge pile of wool… but now the dog is actually there somewhere you just have to try and see it!
The original home of these dogs is the province of Bergamo (Italy).
As you might guess the dog was named after the place where it was bred.
The fact that these fluffy dogs were bred in a host country may seem strange but actually, the Bergamasco shepherd tolerates hot weather surprisingly well, but they enjoy the rain and low temperatures even better.
They’re really not afraid of any weather…
This Shepherd was bred in order to help people to tend sheep, so it’s not accidental that a Bergamasco looks like a pile of entangled wool.
A thick layer of wool not only helps the dog to adapt to all weather conditions but also protects them from the teeth of wolves.
The burger Bergamasco shepherd is not a dog for living in a house, though they usually bread today explosively as herding dogs that is they’re rarely bred
Rare Dog Breeds: Tibetan Mastiff
And here is another dog which is considered to be really ancient.
It was first mentioned in documents from the Late Antiquity, somewhere between the 3rd and 4th century BC.
These huge fluffy dogs protected Tibetan monks and help the nomads in the Himalayan mountains.
It was taught that the Tibetan Mastiffs are ancestors of all shepherd and mastiff dogs, however, there’s no reason to believe this nowadays.
An adult dog can reach 60 to 80 kilograms and the standard heights of 60 to 70 centimeters- To take care of this giant you need to have your own house with a spacious backyard.
The thick coat doesn’t let them tolerate hot and humid climates very easily so not everyone can handle such a dog.
Rare Dog Breeds: Thai Ridgeback
Interestingly the most unusual and rare dogs are also the most ancient.
It’s like people got too carried away with breeding dogs, so they gradually began to forget where it all began…
Studies show that the Thai Ridgeback is very similar to the dingo which means they’re most likely pretty close relatives.
By the way, scientists believe that today it’s one of the most pristine and distinctive breeds.
Scientists are still arguing about where this dog was bred, however, for quite a long time their distribution was limited to Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Indonesia
In ancient times this area was highly isolated due to a poor transport system.
This whole situation led to the fact that the Thai Ridgeback was protected from crossing with other breeds.
Despite the fact that the breed has ancient origins, it was registered by the world canine organization only in 1993, for this reason, its distribution was limited.
Rare Dog Breeds: Basenji Dog
This breed starts in central Africa more than 5,000 years ago.
Basenji dogs have many unique features making them impossible to confuse with other dogs.
First, they can’t bark them for real this dog can bark at least in the conventional sense of the word
Instead of barking the Basenji makes characteristic Yoda-like sounds but you can only hear them when the dog is excited.
Second: when the dog puts its ears together it has funny wrinkles on its forehead just like a human, and the last feature is that tightly curled tail.
This may seem surprising but Basenji dogs don’t have the unpleasant odor that all the other dogs have sometime after bathing.
Often you can see this dog washing as cats do and the basenji coat is considered to be hypoallergenic.
It’s worth mentioning that a litter of basenji is very small on average, only four to five puppies are born.
Other dog breeds can give birth to up to 15 puppies at a time: maybe this is the reason for their rarity.
Rare Dog Breeds: Azawakh Dog
We have to warn you if you see and as a wack dog chances are you’ll feel the incredible need of feeding it!
However, its abnormal thinness is not accidental: the fact is that this dog belongs to the family of sighthounds.
They were bred in Mali, a country with a very hot climate, a large part of which is occupied by the Sahara Desert.
So it is quite logical that dogs in this region had to have a special body constitution.
This is how the Azawakh dog appeared.
They have no excess fatty tissue on their bodies, muscles are dry and flat.
The skin is thin with a large number of vessels: all these qualities coupled with long limbs and a short back allow the dog to develop a high speed and also provide insurance.
The Azawakh is able to chase its prey for a long time even in extreme heat.
Dogs of this breed are not too sociable, either they can’t live in an apartment and they need regular physical activity… That is why you don’t see them very often: many professional breeders aren’t interested in its breeding.
Rare Dog Breeds: Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog
There’s almost no information on how this incredible dog breed appeared.
Experts are still debating some believe it was bred when the dogs of native Indians were crossed with red wolves and dogs that were brought to the new world by Spaniards.
Others deny the presence of wolf’s blood in the genes, still, others are sure the Catahoula leopard dog is a cross between a wolf and a French shepherd dog.
In any case, the birthplace of the dog is North America.
In 1979 the governments of Louisiana even declared this dog the official symbol of the state.
Originally it was bred for hunting fur-bearing animals and large animals such as elks boars and bears. Today they are often used as shepherd dogs.
It’s interesting that outside the US this breed is almost impossible to find: there are some breeding nurseries just in a couple of European countries.
Rare Dog Breeds: Bedlington Terrier
The home of the last dog on our list is the United Kingdom.
It was first documented about 200 years ago, although back then the breed was known as the Rothbury Terrier.
They were bred on the border of England and Scotland and mostly used for hunting. Closer to the 19th century the popularity of the dogs increased, that’s when they acquired their familiar refined and sophisticated appearance.
Interestingly, at some point, breeders started to fight: some have tried to keep the hunting qualities that the breed, others wanted to breed dogs with a soft flexible nature to enable them to be adopted as pets.
We can’t say who won this battle, but today the Bedlington Terriers are one of the most expensive and rare dog breeds.
They’re especially popular among the aristocrats.
When you look at this amazing dog with cropped curly hair you can’t really be surprised.
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